The laparoscopic surgery technique is a modern medical marvel which is gradually taking over the open surgical approach. The laparoscopic surgery is also known as keyhole surgery, minimally invasive surgery (MIS) or band-aid surgery. It is carried out through few minute incisions instead of a large one, like the one in the case of open surgery. The laparoscopic method enables the doctor to look inside the body in real time, without opening it up. It is becoming more and more preferred method of diagnosis and surgery these days in Bangalore.

Let’s understand some of the important aspects of the same-

How Laparoscopic Surgery Is Done?

The laparoscopic surgery is a technique which can be employed for several domains. However, most of the laparoscopic procedure is carried out in the abdominal region. The procedure begins with the administration of anesthesia to mitigate the pain and sensation during the procedure. This can either be general anesthesia or local anesthesia, depending upon several factors, such as the site of surgery, the condition of the patient and several others.

Since the abdominal cavity already contains some carbon dioxide, it aids in the surgery. But often it is not present in an adequate amount, to carry out the procedure. Thus, some additional amount is pumped into it, with the help of a cannula. The air in the abdomen uplifts the outer skin membrane and gives visibility inside the abdomen. Apart from better visuals, it also gives the surgeon ample amount of working space to carry out the surgery.

Laparoscopic surgery begins with making a 4-6 minute incision of about 0.5 to 1 cm of dimension on the abdomen. Then a thin rod-like instrument called the laparoscope is introduced into the body through the orifice. It contains a cold light source and a high-intensity camera. Apart from it, several other types of equipment are also inserted in. As the instrument moves along, it captures and transmits the real-time, internal images to display on the monitor located in the Operation Theater.

The images displayed on the monitor are of high resolution and can be zoomed in an out as per the requirement. The camera and the other instruments can be moved from one side to the other of any targeted organ to investigate the stage and spread of any disease and also to make sure the nearby organs remains unaffected.

The instrumental parts outside the body are moved according to carry out the surgery inside. This way, the diseased organ or the part of the organ can be surgically dissected. The remaining portion of the organ is surgically stapled, while the discarded organ is removed from the body through the incisions itself.

Once the procedure is complete, the instruments are retracted back and the abdomen is deflated once again to return to its original state. The incisions are then closed either with stitches or surgical tapes.

What Advantages Does It Offer?

 The laparoscopic surgery offers the following advantages over the traditional open surgery.

  • Less surgical risks

Let it be any surgical procedure, some risks associated with the surgery are always in the picture, especially loss of blood, and chances of infection. With the laparoscopic approach, though, the need for any blood transfusion is almost nil.

  • Less post-operative complications

The duration of organ exposure is very less in case of the laparoscopic approach, thus the postoperative complications diminish significantly. Also, the minute scars mitigate the chance of a possible hernia in the future.

  • Better aesthetic results

Instead of a large 20 plus cm incision, the smaller orifices in the body are easier to heal and dissolve back. Thus, the aesthetic outcome of the modern procedure is much better and more acceptable.

  • More economical

Though the surgery technique might cost a little more as compared to the open surgery, if one looks at the bigger picture, it is actually a more economical solution. Particularly because of the fact that, it requires a lesser hospital stay, fewer medicines and lesser absentees from the work.

  • Quick recovery

Since the procedure involves fewer complications, the recovery for the same is quite speedy. Usually, the patient is released from the hospital in the same or the following day. Overall, the patient can resume their normal routine life in a matter of a couple of weeks, in contrast to a couple of months in case of laparoscopic surgery.

As it offers multiple benefits as compared to traditional, open surgery, from perspectives of both doctors and patients, it is being preferred these days in hospitals of Bangalore.

The Scope Of The Laparoscopy?

The laparoscopic surgery technique can be used in several domains. Some of them are as follows-

  • Appendix surgery

  • Gallbladder surgery

  • Liver surgery

  • Pancreatic surgery

  • Small and large intestine surgery

  • Reproductive organ surgery

  • Orthopedic surgery

  • Infertility treatment

  • Stomach or spleen surgery

Laparoscopy As A Diagnostic Tool

Laparoscopy procedure is very helpful apart from carrying out surgeries itself. It can also be used as a diagnostic tool to determine the stage of any possible medical condition without perforating any organs. It involves detection of

  • Fluid trapped in the abdominal cavity

  • A possible tumor

  • The effectiveness of a particular treatment

  • The degree of cancer spread

  • Collect samples for biopsy.

Disclaimer – The information contained in this website is based on the results which the existing patients have got after treatment. However, results may vary from case to case.