Treating colorectal diseases, especially colorectal cancer can be quite tricky. Mostly because of the fact that the symptoms vary from person to person and most of the people hesitate to seek treatment for the same. We encourage everyone struggling with symptoms to come forth and seek treatment.

What is colorectal cancer?

The large intestine comprises two organs- the upper portion called the colon and the lower portion called the rectum. Cancer in the prior organ is called the colon cancer and that of the latter is called rectal cancer. Thus, colorectal cancer is the medical condition, in which both the colon and rectum endure the growth of cancerous polyps and growths. Mostly, the disease begins with the outgrowth of polyps, which later modifies to be malignant cancer.

Risk factors associated with colorectal cancer

The following factors make an individual much more susceptible to develop colorectal diseases.

  • Having personal or family history of colorectal polyps

  • Being old age

  • Consuming high fat and low fiber food

  • Having inflammatory intestinal conditions

  • Having diabetes

  • Being obese

  • Leading a sedentary lifestyle

  • Smoking and drinking

  • Having edition therapy for cancer

  • Diagnosis

  • Colorectal cancer can be diagnosed with the help of diagnostic screenings, namely, the

  • Colonoscopy,

  • MRI

  • Sigmoidoscopy

  • Blood test

  • Laparoscopy

  • Biopsy

A biopsy is done mainly, in case the doctor suspects the polyp to be malignant in nature.

Treatment for colorectal cancer

A combination of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, change in lifestyle and diet is often sufficient to control cancer in its primary stages. After being chronic, though, it often needs surgical correction.  The following options can be exercised in this regard-

Removing polyps during colonoscopy- Removes the polyps in their early stages, often when they are small and nonmalignant in nature

Endoscopic mucosal resection- Removes comparatively larger sized polyps and due to its complication, often needs to remove a lining of the colon and rectum as well.

Colorectal surgery- The polyps that are difficult to remove during other tests are removed surgically. This can either be an open surgery or laparoscopic surgery. The latter, due to its additional benefits is considered as a more preferable option for the same.

The treatment of colorectal disease is often provided by a gastroenterologist or a doctor having a speciality in treating anorectal and colorectal diseases. It should be kept in mind that most of the diseases, including cancer, can be treated effectively if addressed at right time.

Even though getting treatment for colorectal diseases might seem like an embarrassment, good health should always be the prime focus of any individual. Thankfully, the people of Bangalore, these days are breaking the taboo and seeking treatment for the same.

Disclaimer – The information contained in this website is based on the results which the existing patients have got after treatment. However, results may vary from case to case.